1Department For Molecular Imunnogenetics, Institute of Transfusion Medicine of FBiH, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
2Department For Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Keywords: Allele groups; human leukocyte antigen genotypes; human leukocyte antigen system; rheumatoid arthritis


Objectives: This study aims to analyze human leukocyte antigen A (HLA-A), human leukocyte antigen B (HLA-B), human leukocyte antigen C (HLA-C), HLA-DRB1*, HLA-DRB3*, HLA-DRB4*, HLA-DRB5*, HLA-DQB1* loci expression in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Patients and methods: Deoxyribonucleic acid was isolated from peripheral blood of 48 RA patients (22 males, 26 females; mean age 36 years; range 2 to 63 years) and 104 healthy control individuals (52 males, 52 females; mean age 43 years; range 2 to 76 years). Deoxyribonucleic acid samples were analyzed using polymerase chain reaction-sequence-specific primers and sequence specific oligonucleotides methods.
Results: The most frequent allelic groups in RA patients were HLA-DRB1*01 (odds ratio=2.795; 95% confidence interval: 1.441-5.421; p=0.004) and HLA-DRB1*04 (odds ratio=2.573; 95% confidence interval: 1.214-5.453; p=0.023). Among RA patients, the most frequent genotype for the allelic group HLA-DRB1*, in the light of the common epitopes theory, was observed for DRB1*01/DRB1*13. This genotype indicates an increased incidence and relative risk (odds ratio=11.09).
Conclusion: The most common genotype in our RA patients was DRB1*01/DRB1*13, which showed increased frequency and a high relative risk. This genotype variant may be considered a predisposing factor for the development of RA.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Financial Disclosure

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.