Heba FAROUK1, Hania Salah ZAYED2, Basma SAKR2, Geilan MAHMOUD2

1Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cairo University Hospitals, Cairo, Egypt
2Department Rheumatology and Rehabilitation, Cairo University Hospitals, Cairo, Egypt

Keywords: Behçet’s disease; echocardiography; left ventricular diastolic function; tissue Doppler imaging


Objectives: This study aims to evaluate left ventricular diastolic function in Egyptian patients with Behçet’s disease using variable echocardiographic parameters by combining both transmitral and tissue Doppler velocities to overcome the occasional false interpretation of preload dependent transmitral parameters and to detect the correlation between various left ventricular diastolic parameters and different disease manifestations.
Patients and methods: Forty patients (35 males, 5 females; mean age 31±8 years; range 19 to 52 years) with Behçet’s disease and 32 age- and sex- matched healthy controls (26 males, 6 females; mean age 28±6 years; range 19 to 60 years) were enrolled. Left ventricular diastolic function was assessed using an algorithm that combined transmitral and tissue Doppler derived parameters.
Results: Mean disease duration of the patients was 7.4±6 years. Left and right ventricular systolic function was normal in both groups. The transmitral E/A was <1 in six patients (15%). There was no difference between patients and controls regarding the other left ventricular diastolic parameters. Compared to patients with an E/A ratio >1, patients with E/A <1 were significantly older and had a longer disease duration (p=0.001 and p<0.001, respectively). All the other echocardiographic parameters in both groups were comparable.
Conclusion: Egyptian patients with Behçet’s disease have normal left ventricular diastolic function regardless of disease duration and activity.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Financial Disclosure

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.