Jing-Uei HOU, Shih-Chuan TSAI, Wan-Yu LIN

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Taichung Veterans General Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan

Keywords: Adult-onset Still's disease, fluorine-18-deoxyglucose, gallium-67, positron emission tomography/computed tomography


A 53-year-old female patient suffered from pain in almost her entire body, particularly the joints. Chest computed tomography revealed multiple lymphadenopathies over cervical, mediastinal, and axillary areas. A fluorine-18-deoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) revealed increased FDG uptake in many lymph nodes and the spleen. Lymphoma was suspected. However, the result of a biopsy showed no malignancy, and the gallium-67 citrate scan showed no gallium-avid tumor throughout the whole body. Adult-onset Still's disease was diagnosed and the patient responded well to steroid therapy. The follow-up PET/CT six months later showed complete remission of the FDG-avid lesions seen in the previous PET/CT. Our study suggests that FDG PET/CT combined with gallium-67 scan may be helpful in diagnosing patients with adult-onset Still’s disease. In addition, the use of FDG PET/CT alone may be useful for the evaluation of disease distribution, disease activity, and therapeutic response.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Financial Disclosure

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.