Department of Psychology, İstanbul University, İstanbul, Turkey

Keywords: Fibromyalgia, group psychotherapy, multidisciplinary approach, review


Objectives: This review aims to investigate the factors that play a role on the efficacy of group psychotherapy (GP) interventions for fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS).

Materials and methods: We employed a search using keywords group psychotherapy and fibromyalgia in the databases of Scopus, Web of Sciences, CINAHL, BMJ, MEDLINE, ScienceDirect and EBSCOhost.

Results: A total of 30 original studies were identified. These studies, which aimed to improve primary outcomes (POs-pain and fibromyalgia impact) and/or secondary outcomes (SOs-psychosocial), indicated that 15 were conducted in a multidisciplinary (MT) fashion, and the rest were unidimensional as they employed only GPs. Cognitive behavior therapy, which modifies dysfunctional thoughts and accompanying behaviors, was the most utilized psychological intervention. Overall, MTs were only slightly superior to GPs; however, improvements in POs were more frequent than SOs in MTs, and the vice versa in GPs.

Conclusion: Although studies varied in various methodological characteristics, the content of the interventions in MTs should be designed to cover the biopsychosocial nature of FMS.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Financial Disclosure

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.